Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. With a population of 2 miljons, it is the largest urban settlement in Uganda. Kampala grew up around a fort constructed by Frederick Lugard in 1890 for the British East Africa Company. In 1962, Kampala replaced Entebbe as the national capital. The main campus of Makerere University, one of East and Central Africa's premier institutes of higher learning, can be found in the Makerere Hill area of the City. Kampala is also home to the headquarters of the East African Development Bank.
Kampala, originally built on seven hills (like Rome), has now grown to over 21 hills, but the original historic Kampala city has remained the same. The first hill in historical importance is Kasubi Hill, which is where the Kasubi tombs of the previous Kabakas are housed.The second is Mengo Hill where the present Kabaka's Palace is and the Headquarters of the Buganda Court of Justice.The third is Kibuli Hill, which is home to Kibuli Mosque. Islam was brought to Uganda before the Christian missionaries came.The fourth is Namirembe Hill, home to Namirembe Protestant Cathedral. The Protestants were the first of the Christian Missions to arrive.The fifth is Rubaga Hill, where Rubaga Roman Catholic Cathedral is, and was the headquarters of the White Fathers.The sixth Nsambya, was the Headquarters of the Mill Hill Mission. It now houses Nsambya Hospital.The seventh, the little hill of Kampala, the hill of the Impala is where the ruins of Lugard's Fort can be found. This is where Kampala got its name.The City spread to Nakasero Hill where the administrative centre and the wealthiest residential area is. There is also Tank Hill, where there is a water tank. Mulago Hill is the site of Mulago Hospital, which is the largest hospital in Uganda. Makerere Hill, where Makerere University is situated.Suburbs include Kololo in the East on Kololo Hill the highest hill, home to the Uganda Museum; Namirembe; Kibuli; and Rubaga.
Other features of the city include the Ssezibwa Falls, Ugandan National Theatre, St. Balikuddembe Market (formerly Owino Market) and Nakasero Market. Kampala is also known for its nightlife, which includes a casino. Entebbe International Airport is located at Entebbe, 35 km away, while Port Bell on the shore of Lake Victoria is 7 miles/10 km away.
Also to note is that Kampala hosts one of only seven Bahá'í Houses of Worship in the world. It is known as the Mother Temple of Africa and is situated on Kikaya Hill on the outskirts of the city. Its foundation stone was laid in January 1958, and was dedicated on January 13, 1961.