The Great Rift Valley created by a fissure in the earth's crust, extends for approximately 8 700 kilometres stretching from Syria in the north to Mozambique in the south. The Great African Rift Valley is such a prominent feature on the surface of the Earth that it can be seen from as far away as the moon. Large depressions within the Rift Valley, fed by streams, have become great lakes, around which many species of wildlife can be found. The Great African Rift
Valley is a unique ecosystem
is actually divided into two forks, the eastern rift and the western rift. The eastern Rift Valley
is running through Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania. The western Rift
, also called the Albertine Rift,
stretches from the northern end of Lake Albert
to the southern end of Lake Tanganyika (Uganda, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania).
-The eastern Rift Valley its scenic best is in Kenya, where both walls of this wide fissure can be seen at Nakuru, where the valley has a width of 45 Km. The narrowest point is between the Aberdare mountains and the Mau Escarpment.
-The western rift is edged by some of the highest mountains in Africa, including the Virunga Mountains, Mitumba Mountains, and Ruwenzori Range, and contains the Rift Valley lakes, which include some of the deepest lakes in the world (up to 1,470 meters deep at Lake Tanganyika). Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world, is considered part of the Rift Valley system although it actually lies between the two branches. The other Great Lakes are also formed by the rift.